The Ten Pound Draw Weight Bow–One of the Most Effective Archery Teaching Tools
Golden Gate JOAD utilizes a number of teaching tools to make learning archery as simple and effective as possible. The full-size, ten pound draw weight bows we purchase from Quintessential are the kind of teaching tool I think all JOAD and Adult Achievement archery training programs should have in their inventory. The bows have Polaris compatible limbs which make 8-12 pound limb / riser combinations with 23″ and 25″ all-weather Rolan risers.
Being over-bowed is the number one problem in archery and in archery instruction. Historical archery manuals from the 1800’s warn of it, as did famed archer Howard Hill. No other single factor causes so many problems. Students with bows that are too hard to draw and hold are prone to all number of problems, from snap shooting, short-drawing, collapsed release, hollow backs, hunched shoulders to injury. Light draw weight bows make people’s lives better, both instructors and students. Instructors can mold students into shape without worrying that the student is struggling with the draw weight. And students can concentrate on learning form rather than on exercise.
A ten-pound draw weight bow is easy enough to pull that we don’t have to triage bow distribution during teaching sessions. At our beginning adult sessions, pretty much everyone is issued a ten pound bow. There are frequently a number of our new archers who are capable of drawing significantly heavier bows, but if they use one during the session they are often surprised to find they have trouble with that last inch or so of draw, or get fatigued before the 2 hour session is over. Whereas the students using the light draw weight bows are able to shoot more comfortably, using better form and do so for a longer time. For us there is no disadvantage to the light draw weight bow for training purposes.
The light draw weight bows not only help us mold archers into optimal form, they also help archers maintain that form throughout the session. And, to a certain degree, the bows teach good form on their own. Light bows magnify certain form errors such as bad releases, giving archers and coaches clear feedback. This makes them an important training tool for archers of all levels. Light bows are a key tool used at the Olympic Training center in Chula Vista, and at the Easton Foundation training center.
We typically start our beginning archers on stretch bands to teach basic form, and then transition them to ten pound bows, shooting at 122 cm Whitetail matts at around 7 yards. The bows can be shot effectively to 18 meters, and a bit beyond. 30 meters is possible, though that is pushing it a bit.
There are some considerations in using light draw weight bows in any teaching program, primarily that the targets must be soft enough to catch and hold low velocity arrows rather than dropping them or bouncing them back. We find that our Whitetail matts work very well unless they are shot out. Straw bales generally work well, too, though we sometimes supplement straw bales with a Hipps JOAD Ethafoam target and some cardboard in front. Bales made of compressed and tarred layers of carpet, found at some outdoor ranges, are less compatible.
For teaching recurve, we find that a full-size, light draw weight recurve bow, with its light mass and oblique string is the perfect fit for our program. I personally own some of the 14/16 ILF limbs for training purposes and like them a lot but I find that a dedicated light bow is more practical for teaching purposes and that metal risers are a bit heavy for beginners. I think any light draw weight bow will make a valuable, and a necessary, addition to any archery teaching program. Light draw weight bows are, IMO, a key sign of a good beginning archery instruction program. And they are the kind of tool most archers will never own even though they are very useful for learning archery, so they are just the kind of thing a training program should have–giving the program extra value to students.
The Quintisential / Rolan bows aren’t the only bows I like, but they are the ones we turn to most often because they work and work well for our program and our students. And I like shooting them myself. There is something that is just satisfying about taking out one of our ridiculously light student bows and shooting it for fun. My point on distance is 30 meters 🙂 There are other light-draw weight bows that are good for teaching archery, including 10 and 16 pound Samick Privilege ILF limbs, 10-20 pound adjustable Genesis zero let off compound bows and Ragim Wildcat recurves that are available in light draw weights.
The Quintessential / Rolan bows come separately or as packages with riser, limbs and accessories. At first I wasn’t sure about plastic as a riser material, but the Rolan risers have held up extremely well. We shoot in all kinds of weather so that is important to us. The “non-shootable” training bow is actually a shootable bow, it just needs an arrow rest. The “shootable” bow with wire rest, plunger and stabilizer rod is another option, but we currently just buy the limbs or the limbs with risers and supply our own rests since we don’t start our students off with sights or stabilizers.